Station Name: ABINGDON JUNCTION

 

[Source: Nick Catford]



Date opened: 2.6.1856
Location: Just north of the bridge over the River Thames
Company on opening: Abingdon Railway Company
Date closed to passengers: 8.9.1873
Date closed completely: 8.9.1873
Company on closing: Abingdon Railway Company
Present state:

Demolished - the only evidence of the station is the widened formation to the west of the main line just before the branch curves away.

County: Oxfordshire
OS Grid Ref: SU525975
Date of visit: Not visited

Notes: When the Abingdon branch opened, a junction station was provided on the Didcot to Oxford line, the station had no road access and was solely a non-timetabled exchange station for passengers travelling to and from Abingdon to transfer to trains on the main line.

The station consisted of two short timber platforms with a small timber building on the up side and a run-round loop for the branch shuttle.  

The station closed in 1873 when it was replaced by Radley ¾ mile to the north. The station was demolished two years later although the station building was moved to Radley where it was used as a gangers and plate layers hut until the 1950's.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ABINGDON BRANCH
When Brunel was planning his broad gauge line from London – Bristol the people of Abingdon hoped that the railway might be routed through the town but when the Bill received Royal Assent in 1835 it authorised a more southerly route passing through Steventon, four miles south of Abingdon. There was a further proposal to build a line from a junction with Bristol line at Didcot to Oxford which, as proposed, would have passed "as near to Abingdon as possible", but this met with robust opposition from local landowners who forced to company to look for a more direct route with a branch into Abingdon but these plans were eventually scuppered by local objectors

Following the completion of the Bristol line to its temporary terminus at Steventon in June 1840, there was a renewed interest in a rail connection to Abingdon but when the Didcot - Oxford line was finally built in 1844 it bypassed the town by 1½ miles to the east. This line was also built to Brunel's broad gauge but a standard gauge line was later built alongside the existing line to complete a north - south route with mixed gauge trains arriving at Oxford from the north in 1872.

Abingdon finally got its rail connection on 2nd June 1856 when a 1¾ mile broad gauge branch was built by the independent Abingdon Railway Company from a junction with the Oxford - Didcot line just north of the bridge over the River Thames at Nuneham where a junction station was provided. The service on the branch was provided by the Great Western who supplied locomotives, rolling stock and staff.

Initially the line was prosperous with all bank loans paid off by 1870. In November 1872, the branch was converted to standard gauge with the conversion being completed in one day; new sidings and goods accommodation were also provided at this time. The branch line was rerouted alongside the main line for ¾ of a mile to Radley where a new station was opened to replace Abingdon Junction.

With the opening of the new standard gauge line coal could now reach Abingdon from the northern pits without the need to reload onto broad gauge wagons at Oxford.  With a new cheap source of coal, Abingdon gasworks was resited alongside the station in 1886 with coal remaining the main income for the line for most of its life. 

Towards the end of the 19th century there was friction between the Abingdon Railway Company and the GWR and after protracted negotiations the ARC secured a financially advantageous deal and the local company was taken over by the GWR under the Absorption Act of 1904. Despite promises by the GWR to improve the service and the infrastructure,nothing was done until 1908 when a freight train ran into an empty passenger train at Abingdon Station. Although there were no serious injuries the station was badly damaged and was completely rebuilt in 1909.

During the GWR years the branch was well used, Abingdon was a busy market town while the surrounding area was intensively farmed and at its peak three goods trains a day served the railhead with parcels being carried on the regular passenger trains. The passenger services were generally steam hauled but before WW1 steam railmotors were tried out on the branch. At its peak in the 1930’s there were 18 passenger trains a day in each direction. There were some through trains; mainly 'specials', but the line primarily operated a shuttle service between Radley and Abingdon.

During WW2 the airbase at RAF Abingdon ensured that the station remained well used by service personnel but after the war this stopped as staff numbers at the base and the Didcot Ordnance Depot were run down. In the late 1940’s the M.G. Car Company started using the railway to transport its sports cars, most of which were exported to the U.S.A.

In 1956 the Royal train brought the Queen to Abingdon when she reopened the 17th century County Hall and although the station was spruced up for the occasion nothing could halt the decline with the signal box being relegated to a 'ground frame' when 'one engine in steam' was introduced onto the line.

Despite the new freight revenue from MG cars, passenger numbers remained in decline so it came as no surprise when the branch was listed for closure in Dr Beeching's ‘Reshaping of British Railways’ in 1963 as it was uneconomical to keep it open.. There was only a half-hearted local campaign to keep the service which was withdrawn from 9th September 1963 although the station remained open for freight traffic.

After closure the station was used by a youth club but in the summer of 1970 there was a brief resumption of the passenger service for two days during the Abingdon festival. The station received a face-lift for the occasion but the following year most of the station buildings were. By the mid 1970's there were three trains each week each carrying up to 70 vehicles and in 1973 a new loading ramp was built to load two level car transporters and the line's future seemed assured until closure of the MG factory was announced in 1980.

A proposed new coal depot half a mile east of Abingdon would have saved part of the branch from closure but this was never built and for the next four years the only traffic was the fortnightly coal train and the Royal Train which was occasionally parked there overnight. The line officially closed in June 1984 with a final passenger excursion visiting the branch on 30th June 1984.

The track was finally lifted in the late 1980’s and the site was cleared ready for redevelopment. The site of the main station building at Abingdon is now a Waitrose store with a service road for Waitrose at the rear running east along the site of the platform. Much of the trackbed between Abingdon and Radley is now a cycleway. 

Sources: The Abingdon Branch by Nigel Trippett & Nicholas de Courrais. Wild Swan Publications 1985 ISBN 0 906867 29 0

Other web sites:www.abingdonbranch.co.uk web site. This web site includes a large number of old photographs of the Abingdon branch & Brant Hickman's N gauge model of Abingdon Station. Tickets from Ivan Cadge unless stated

To see other stations on the Abingdon branch click on the station name:
Radley
& Abingdon



1885 map (25" to 1 mile) showing Abingdon Junction Station



No pictures are known to exist of Abingdon Junction station but this shows the station building which was moved to Radley (top left) where it survived as a platelayer's hut until the early 1950's





 

 

 

[Source: Nick Catford]


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