Station Name: CENTRAL

 

[Source: Nick Catford]



Date opened: 3.8.1880
Location: The station site is immediately to the south of the DLR's Beckton Park Station beneath a roundabout on Royal Albert Way..
Company on opening: London & St. Katharine Docks Company
Date closed to passengers: 8.9.1940
Date closed completely: 8.9.1940
Company on closing: Port of London Authority
Present state: Demolished - no trace remains
County: London
OS Grid Ref: TQ427808
Date of visit: February 1974 and 23.12.2006

Notes: The official opening date for Central Station is 3rd August 1880 although it is shown in company timetable of 31st July 1880 as 'terminus of shuttle from Custom House'. The station was midway along the northern boundary wall of the Royal Albert Dock hence the name Central. It was served by no public road and was provided solely for access to the dock although in later years there was a footpath from Parry Avenue to the north.

The main building on the up side of the line was built in a mock Tudor style with a small waiting shelter on the down platform. Nothing remained of the station by the mid 1950's. A wooden foorbridge spanned the platforms to the east of the station building. There was a signal box easat of the down platform.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE GALLIONS BRANCH
When the Royal Albert Dock was built, the dock company obtained powers under the 1882 London & St. Katharine Dock Act 1882 to build a railway for both passengers and parcels from the North Woolwich line to Gallions Reach, passing alongside the northern side of the dock. Under the Act, the company had to provide trains every weekday morning for the convenience of "artisans, mechanics and daily labourers".

The length of the branch once open to passenger traffic was 1 mile, 61 chains, from a point 34 chains east of Custom House Station.

The first part of the line from Albert Dock Junction to Central was opened on the 3rd August 1880. The line between Connaught Road and Central was single but was doubled on 14th November 1881.

Initially the service between Custom House and Central was worked entirely by the London & St. Katharine Docks Company with half-hourly trains from 8.30 a.m. till 6 p.m. but this was later increased to three per hour in 1881. To operate this service the company bought three second hand locomotives and passenger stock.

No mention of a service east of Central Station is found in the Great Eastern timetables until July 1881, when that company advertised through trains hourly to and from Fenchurch Street. The local Custom House - Gallions service comprised twenty-four down and twenty-six up trains, all worked by the dock company, who hired the bay platform at Custom House for the purpose. The line between Central and Gallions was single until 1st April 1882 when a second track was added.

The Gallions Hotel was part of Gallions Station with the front door of the hotel opening on to a part of the platform. It was built for the convenience of passengers leaving or joining their ship. From the 12th December 1886, the old station at Gallions was closed when the line had to be diverted to allow dock alterations. A larger station with an island platform was opened 275 yards further east with Great Eastern trains occupying the north side (platform 1), and the dock company's trains, on the local service, kept to the south side (platform 2). A few weeks later a new station replaced the old one at Manor Way. The line continued beyond the station at Gallions to a coal wharf and jetty at Gallions Reach.

On 31st March 1909 the London & St. Katharine Docks Company was absorbed into the Port of London Authority.

During the First World War, from the beginning of 1918, a special train service to Gallions was provided for munitions workers, who were brought by ferry from Woolwich Arsenal on the opposite side of the river.

The stations at Manor Way and Gallions were rebuilt between 1924 and 1926, the latter being reduced in size moved a little to the east. Central Station was converted into a halt from the 1st November 1933.

From 1st July 1896 the Great Eastern Railway took over the local Customs House - Gallions service running until 6th June 1932, when the shuttle service was suspended. The Sunday service ceased after 27th June 1915.

The prosperity of the line reached its climax at the turn of the century; in October 1900, fifty four up and fifty-three down trains were advertised on ordinary weekdays. Of these, thirteen were through trains from Fenchurch Street to Gallions via Bromley, two trains worked through from Liverpool Street, two from Fenchurch Street via Stratford and two came from Stratford Market. The local service of seventy trains in both directions made up the remainder, bringing the total to 107 journeys. In general, trains called at all three intermediate stations but there were some exceptions.

Passenger numbers dropped during WW1 and didn't improve post war and the service was cut back with seventy six fewer journeys in 1938 than in 1900. By October 1939, the total in both directions had dropped to twenty eight daily trains.

On the 7th September 1940 the line was severely damaged during a German air raid. The line was repaired for the storage of wagons but the passenger service was never reinstated. The line was abandoned under Section 29 of the Port of London Act 1950. It was used for wagon storage at least until the mid 1960's. By the late 1960's the track had been lifted except at Gallions where it was still in situ until at least 1974. With the lifting of the track to the east, Gallions was later reached via a connection from freight lines to the south.

Sources:


To see the other stations on the Gallions branch line click on the station name: Connaught Road, Manor Way (1st site), Manor Way (2nd site)
Gallions (1st site) & Gallions (2nd site)


See also North Woolwich & Beckton branch lines


Central station in the 1930's looking west
Copyright photo From Stations UK



1893 1:1056 OS Town Plan shows the layout of the station with the station building on the up side and a shelter on the down side. A footbridge spand the platforms at the east end of the station. A signal box is shown at the east end of the down platform.

The site of Central Station looking east in February 1974
P
hoto by Nick Catford

The site of Central Station looking west in December 2006. DLR's Beckton Park Station is out of the picture to the right.
P
hoto by Nick Catford


 

 

 

[Source: Nick Catford]


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