Station Name: COLNBROOK

[Source: Nick Catford]


Date opened: 9.8.1884
Location: On the north side of Bath Road
Company on opening:

Staines & West Drayton Railway

Date closed to passengers: 29.3.1965
Date closed completely: 3.1.1966
Company on closing: British Railways (Western Region)
Present state: Demolished
County: Middlesex
OS Grid Ref: TQ037768
Date of visit: November 1967, May 1968, July 1975 & 11.2.2012

Notes: The GWR's Staines branch was opened in stages, with the northern section opening to a temporary terminus at Colnbrook on 9 August 1884.

The single platform terminus was north of Bath Road, straddling the county boundary of Buckinghamshire and Middlesex. The platform was on the down (east) side of the line, and the single-storey Dutch-gabled brick building, designed by S & WDR's engineers, was reached by a 300 yd footpath from Bath Road. The station comprised from north to south: lamp room,
gents’ toilet, porters’ room, ladies’ waiting room (leading into toilet), general waiting room, booking office and parcels office. The stationmaster's house, similar in architectural style, was sited on the up side of the line on Bath Road. A run-round loop was initially provided but this became redundant once the line was extended to Staines on 2 November 1885, and it was a requirement of the Board of Trade inspector that the loop should be taken out of use. It was intended that the line should, at some time, be doubled, and the level crossing at Bath Road was wide enough to accommodate two lines, but the branch always remained single- track. A second platform was provided but remained unused. A signal box stood at the back of this platform near to the north end.

It was intended that the line should at some time be doubled and the level crossing at Bath Road was wide enough to accommodate two lines but the branch always remained single track. A second platform was provided but remained unused. A signal box stood at the back of this platform near to the north end.

Once the GWR took control of the line in 1900 they decided to bring the passing loop and second platform into use for up trains and notified the Board of Trade of their intentions on 25 January 1904. A brick waiting shelter was added halfway along the platform, and a 21-lever signal box was built at the level crossing on the up side, adjacent to the stationmaster's house; the box also contained a wheel for operating the crossing gates. The new arrangements were inspected and approved on 5 June 1904. The second platform was rarely used as the hourly service required only one train set. The only use of the loop was when a passenger train needed to pass a goods train.

From its opening Colnbrook was provided with a goods yard to the east of the down platform, reached by a trailing connection from the original line. The yard comprised five sidings. The siding closest to down line ran past a dock, terminating at the rear of the platform. A second siding passed the other side of the dock before running through a single-road brick goods shed
The other three sidings ran parallel with the goods shed on its east side; a 3-ton crane stood on the dock. In 1936/7 private sidings were added on both sides of the line. Sidings on the up side served civil engineers Edmund Nuttall while those on the down side served Swan.

In the 1930s many of the rooms in the station building were converted to railway staff accommodation with only the booking office and toilets remaining in use as station facilities. In 1947 Colnbrook became a sub-railhead of Slough as part of the GWR's sundries zonal goods scheme. Additional office accommodation was required so a single-storey brick extension was added at the south end of the station building.

In the 1930s many of the rooms in the station building were converted to railway staff accommodation with only the booking office and toilets remaining in use. In 1947 Colnbrook became a sub-railhead of Slough as part of the GWR's sundries zonal goods scheme. Additional office accommodation was required so a single-storey brick extension was added at the south end of the station building.

BR Western Region did not install totems at the station. The passenger service was withdrawn from 29 March 1965 but the goods yard remained open until 3 January 1966. The sidings were removed later that year leaving only the private sidings in use. The signal box closed in March 1967, and the line was converted to 'one engine in steam' (with train staff), latterly worked under shunters' control. The busy road crossing was provided with flashing red traffic lights operated by the guard or shunter of a freight train.

In late 1967 or early 1968 the north end of the down platform was demolished to accommodate a new siding for the recently built warehouse for Pike Brothers (later GKN Steel Stockholders). The station building remained in use as railway staff accommodation at this time. By 1975 the up platform had been demolished to allow for new industrial development of the former Edmund Nuttall, and in January 1979 the station building and signal box were demolished.

In 1981 Colnbrook became the railhead when the remainder of the line was closed during the construction of the M25 motorway; a new chord from the Southern line at Staines allowed freight trains to continue using the 1964 oil terminal at Staines West.

During the 2000s the line to Colnbrook remained busy. A condition of the planning consent for Terminal 5 at Heathrow was that all construction materials were moved in by rail. In response to this, BAA planned a consolidation centre at Colnbrook where bulk materials could be brought by rail from Europe and the UK. Planning permission was granted in October 2003
for a temporary logistics centre for the delivery, storage and assembly of materials and components related to the construction of Terminal 5, incorporating rail sidings, a bulk powder storage facility, a steel reinforcement fabrication facility, administration buildings and car and lorry parking. Although the construction work was completed in 2011 the temporary planning permission has been extended for other Heathrow-related construction projects. The north end of the site is occupied by Yeoman Aggregates with additional regular rail traffic. Beyond the Colnbrook Logistics Centre the line continues through the Total fuel depot, where there are still regular deliveries of aviation fuel, and on to the railhead on the north side of Bath Road. The fuel depot occupies the north end of the former station site.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE STAINES WEST BRANCH
The early history of the Staines & West Drayton Railway is complicated and is a familiar story involving a campaign from local interests to improve railway connections by trading on the rivalry between two main line companies. Staines is a small market town on the London to Exeter Road at an important crossing of the River Thames.  The town had lost status with the arrival of the railway age, but the opening of the Windsor, Staines & South Western Railway on 22 August 1848,  linking it with London, had encouraged the growth of local industries.  By the mid 1860s these included a large brewery, mustard mills, a papier-mâché factory and the world’s first linoleum works, producing the floor covering invented in the town in 1860-63 by Frederick Walton.

With the GWR main line only six miles to the north across ‘easy railway country’, the business interests in the town, hoping to lower freight rates and open up new outlets, were turning their attention to  a route first used by three unsuccessful Uxbridge & Staines Bills of the 1840s. After the failure of a Bill deposited in 1863 for a West Drayton & Staines Railway, one of two
similar schemes deposited in November 1865 became the Colnbrook Railway Act of 1866, comprising a single standard gauge line running south from the south side of the GWR station at West Drayton to the LSWR Windsor branch at Staines Moor. The proposals included a line passing below the GWR at West Drayton to allow through running between Uxbridge and Staines.

On 13 July 1866 the GWR agreed to work the line for half the gross receipts, but the powers to build it expired before the £60,000 capital could be raised.  A second Act of 7 July 1873, authorised the 5m 2f 9·2ch Staines & West Drayton Railway over the same route, joining the LSWR 43ch north-west of the bridge over Staines High Street, but omitting the through link to the Uxbridge branch at West Drayton. This time the LSWR reacted with some vigour to the invasion of its territory, opposing the Bill by alleging that the proposed junction at Staines would be dangerous and the extra traffic impossible to accommodate at the existing Staines station, which had not been built as a terminus.

These objections produced a clause in the Act which required that the line be built only to standard gauge, which would restrict any expansionist tendencies on the part of a still largely broad gauge GWR.

The Staines & West Drayton Railway Company formed by the 1873 Act suffered a long period of negotiations and frustrations before the line was built. These delays required time extensions in 1878 and 1881 when an alteration to the GWR junction was approved. This took the new line under the GWR to join the Uxbridge line before running in to the north side of West Drayton station.

During this period, the local company even approached the LNWR suggesting that the line could form part of a new route around the west side of London. This would bring LNWR trains from Watford via the proposed Uxbridge & Rickmansworth Railway, the GWR branch to Uxbridge and on to the new line south to Staines, and on to the SER and LBSCR via
Leatherhead and Dorking. This move did nothing to improve relationships with the LSWR, driving the S&WDR deeper into the clutches of the still somewhat reluctant GWR. An agreement was at last signed on 13 November 1882, which confirmed that the GWR would work and maintain it after the first six months in return for half the gross receipts.

Not wanting to antagonise the LSWR further by pursuing the original proposal of a joint station, the GWR insisted on an independent terminus to handle both passenger and freight traffic.  A new Bill was immediately put before Parliament to authorise this new station and a link with the LSWR north of the terminus.

In late 1881, the engineer A. Thuey agreed to construct the line for £89,000, and in March 1882, 7,500 shares of £10 each were made available to prospective investors. There was seemingly little interest however, as after two months only 314 of these had been sold, so the railway’s future was once again in question even though construction had already started.
There was still trouble ahead for the fledgling company and a lack of progress resulted in Thuey’s dismissal and a replacement builder being sought. On 9 June 1882 the contract was awarded to Messrs Lucas and Ansdell, and a new prospectus was issued.  On hearing the news Thuey, who was still smarting from the company’s earlier action, made his feelings public and sued his former employers for damages. Protracted legal action was a drain on finances culminating in the appointment of a receiver. At this time the GWR came to the rescue with additional capital.

Messrs Lucas and Ansdell soon fell from favour and they also decided to take legal action for breach of contract. By this time the only money left was that advanced by the GWR, so the company was clearly in no position to take on a legal battle. As it was, the court had come down on the side of Thuey and granted him damages of £16,000 plus costs, a ruling described by the S & WDR chairman as ‘most extraordinary and outrageous’. Lucas and Ansdell also won their case, so there was only one course of action. The company re-employed Thuey as engineer for the Colnbrook to Staines section, whilst construction work would be handled by Lucas and Ansdell.

West Drayton station was re-sited to the east side of the road underbridge on 9 April 1884 with a modified platform layout to accommodate the new service from Staines.  Somehow the section between West Drayton and Colnbrook was finished in time to

allow the GWR to start six passenger trains a day on weekdays from Saturday 9 August 1884. Further progress southward was delayed by the continuing financial crisis, exacerbated by the withdrawal of labour when wages could not be paid. In an attempt to cut costs Thuey, saved £1,15O by adapting a house owned by Charles Waring Finch (of Finch & Rickman’s Mustard Mills) as the Staines terminus.

The company was eventually satisfied that the route was ready for opening and informed the Board of Trade accordingly. Colonel Rich inspected the Colnbrook - Staines stretch on 14 October 1885 and stated in his report that ‘a great deal still required to be done’; he refused to sanction opening and had to make a return trip on 26 October. This time he agreed that it

was suitable for public use, and services commenced seven days later, opening for passenger traffic on 2 November 1885 when it was served by nine trains each way to and from West Drayton on weekdays.

At first passenger receipts were poor as few people wished to cross this somewhat sparsely populated stretch of outer London. Apart from a little commercial and professional traffic between Uxbridge and Staines, or passengers seeking destinations on the GWR west of London, the trains were all but empty. The line took only £217 13s 7d during its first two months of operation as a complete branch.  Freight traffic was also slow to develop despite the provision of yards at Colnbrook and Staines, but this gradually increased.  In May 1887 a line was built across the river into the works of the now-prosperous Staines Linoleum Company, yet even this had to be shared with the LSWR, who were also invited into the factory.

Initially Colnbrook was the only intermediate station but, after closure of the ranges on Wimbledon Common, a Metropolitan Rifle Range Company was formed in 1890 to build new ranges near London for those Volunteers who were reluctant to travel to Bisley. One of the directors of the new rifle range company was also a director of the S & WDR, so perhaps it was no surprise that the chosen site for the new range was at Staines Moor, just west of the new line. The GWR agreed to provide a halt called Runemede, which opened with the ranges on 1 March 1892.

By then, possessing over 85% of the S & WDR issued stock of £161,640, the GWR acquired powers in its 1900 Act to take over and dissolve the company, which took effect from 1 July that year.  At this time there were still only about eight trains daily to and from West Drayton, where they shared the north side island platform with the Uxbridge trains. One of the down workings ran mixed traffic, restricted to six vehicles, a feature which lasted until the 1930s.

A Sunday service started in 1887 with four trains each way. Once the GWR assumed full control there were some improvements, so that by 1912 there were 14 workings each way, a few operating to and from Paddington and Aldgate; between 1904 and 1911 there were even through runs between Staines and Victoria.

One-class steam auto-trains, introduced on Sundays from 1 October 1914, were later extended to weekdays, so that by 1 January 1916 all but one train was of this type. In October 1921 there were 16 journeys each way daily, with departures from West Drayton between 7.23am and 10.28pm; on Sundays there were seven each way between 10.12am and
9.52pm.

Use of the Staines Linoleum Factory for military purposes and opening of camps around Staines provided new traffic during WW1, but afterwards the more relaxed tempo of what was essentially a ‘country branch’ was quickly resumed.

Freight remained more important than passengers, not that the latter were neglected.  At the time when the GWR was trying to extract the last ounce of business from its investment in branch lines by opening many new halts, the Staines line was not overlooked. On 11 July 1927, Stanwell Moor & Poyle Halt (renamed Poyle for Stanwell Moor on 26 September 1927) was opened 65ch south of Colnbrook to serve the explosives works, Stanwell Moor village and scattered farmhouses west of the line. The service on weekdays remained at about the same level through the 1920s and 1930s, but rush-hour workings of five coaches, generally hauled by 2-6-2T, ran to and from Paddington, missing the branch halts. Sunday services were built up to 14 each way between 9.02am and 9.58pm from West Drayton.

War again brought change when the authorities decided that the line had some strategic potential, seeing a role in bringing traffic from the North and Midlands safely round into Feltham Yard or other points in south and south-east England, should the London river crossings be severed by enemy action. To achieve this a curve, closely following the 1873 Act alignment, was built from a point south of Yeoveney (formerly Runemede Range) Halt to the Southern Railway's Windsor branch at Staines Moor Junction, north-west of the GWR terminus.

At West Drayton, double-track was installed from the junction with the Uxbridge branch to the bridge under the main line.  All was ready in June 1940, but no use was made of the new link until 15 September that year after the Metropolitan Extension at Snow Hill (Holborn Viaduct) had been blocked by bomb damage. Thereafter, for a few years train crews occasionally

found their goods trains routed this way to and from the GWR at Greenford, but this ceased with the end of the war. 

There was a suggestion that the GWR terminus should be closed, diverting trains from West Drayton into the SR station over the wartime link. The Southern resisted, stating that this would require improvements to be made at their station. The proposal was dropped, and the junction at Staines Moor was taken out on 16 December 1947.

With the coming of nationalisation, the infant British Railways found itself with two stations called Staines, so from 26 September 1949 that on the Southern was renamed Staines Central, whilst the Western branch terminus became Staines West.

Long awaited development finally arrived at this west London backwater in 1946 with the opening of London Airport (Heathrow) and shortly afterwards industrial estates began to appear alongside the branch between Poyle and Colnbrook. To serve one of these new estates, Poyle Estate Halt, with a 50ft platform and tiny concrete shelter, was opened on 4 January 1954, about half-way between Poyle and Colnbrook. Trains stopped at rush hours, but at other times by request only. On the same day, two extra journeys were provided, making 18 each way daily and 12 on Sundays. Steam remained supreme on this untypical London line, where most trains were push-pull units of two saloons (some former GWR railmotors) powered by 14XX 0-4-2T. Freight was usually handled by 57XX 0-6-0PT and 61XX 2-6-2T.

South of the factory estate belt, the line retained much of its rural character through the 1950s, although its peace was increasingly shattered by aircraft noise. Yeoveney, a miraculous survival from a gentler, romantic era, was now frequented only by occasional fishermen. The halt was eventually closed ‘due to the cost of repair’ after the last trains had called on 13 May 1962.

Other more important changes were made in these post-war years.  Freight movements south of Colnbrook ceased on 30 October 1953 when all such traffic was transferred to Staines SR yard. By some bureaucratic oversight, the signal box at Staines West was left open although there was never more than one train on the line at a time south of Colnbrook and the engine shed had closed in June 1952.

GWR AEC-type diesel railcars appeared on some passenger workings in January 1954, taking over all weekday services outside peak hours in the following year. Steam survived until 5 October 1958, after which the whole service was operated by new BR DMUs. Passenger traffic reached its peak at this time; although daily journeys remained at 18 each way on weekdays
on Sundays there were now 16 trips to and from Staines West with a last departure from West Drayton at 10.43pm. Except for the first three weekday trains in the morning and two in the evening which called at Poyle Estate and Yeoveney halts, notice to the guard at West Drayton or Staines West was necessary if one wished to alight at these places at other times.

Yet another halt was opened on 1 May 1961 between Colnbrook and West Drayton. Operated as a conditional stop, Colnbrook Estate Halt had a short platform similar to that at Poyle Estate. As a result of its opening there were now four stopping places on the branch in little over a mile. Because the precise times of request stops at the halts were not always stated in the Western Region public timetable some fiendishly complex footnotes were provided instead: these challenged any intending passengers to work out for themselves when the trains called and informed them of the correct procedure for joining, or alighting from, trains.

The Western Region route from Staines to central London was not ideal for commuting. The distance between the branch terminus and Paddington was 19miles 39chains, and journeys often involved a change at West Drayton. The Southern line from Staines Central however, although of similar length, offered the convenience of regular through services and the efficiency of electric traction. The only advantage of travelling from Staines West was that the trains were less crowded and it was easier to find a seat!

However traffic results in 1960 were such that BR could not make a convincing case for closure when this was suggested as a means of reducing the cost of the Staines by-pass road, then under construction. Beeching’s accountants were able to show in 1962 that, by their standards, the branch was not ‘paying its way’, so passenger closure was listed in the
Reshaping of British Railways report of March 1963. The formal proposal of closure was published on 6 September 1963, and the Secretary of State for Transport agreed on 10 September 1964 that passenger services should be withdrawn. Extra workings at rush hours were discontinued in October 1964, and the last passenger train ran on Saturday 27 March 1965, Sunday workings having ceased late in 1961; the formal closure date was 29 March 1965. Alternative public transport was provided by buses following a meandering route between West Drayton and Staines.

Meanwhile freight underwent a minor revival. During 1964 the Staines West goods yard was demolished to make room for an oil storage depot served by a siding accommodating 12 tank wagons. From October that year freight trains were again seen south of Colnbrook, bringing oil from Purfleet to the new depot.  In 1975 there were 15 trains a week carrying between 1,200 and 1,500 tons of oil. Colnbrook was in that year receiving oil trains at an average of 75 a week (6,000 to 7,500 tons) and also about 10 tons of scrap metal a week. At the same time oil was coming into Thorney Mills, between Colnbrook and West Drayton, in an average of 24 trains a week (1,000 tons); 10 trains a week of stone (3,000 tons) were also arriving. In addition this depot dispatched scrap metal at the rate of 360 tons a week.

The construction of the M25 motorway resulted in complete closure of the south end of the line south of Colnbrook, and the last working into Staines West ran in January 1981. A connection was laid between the oil depot and the Southern Region line, but this closed ten years later and was subsequently removed. The last passenger train to run between West Drayton and
Staines West was the BR (WR) Farewell to Staines West Branch railtour on 24 January 1981. This DMU tour from Paddington did not actually reach Staines West, running instead onto the new spur to Staines Central and on to Windsor & Eton Riverside; it followed the same route on its return journey. This was the only passenger train that ran between the Staines West branch and Staines Central.

Freight trains still run from West Drayton to Colnbrook, serving an aggregates depot and an aviation fuel terminal for Heathrow Airport.

Following a period of public consultation in 1998, BAA submitted plans on the 24 July 2009 to the Secretary of State for Transport seeking authorisation under the Transport and Works Act to acquire the necessary land and begin constructing the Heathrow Airtrack which would incorporate a short section of the former Staines West route. This new line, as proposed by BAA, would have run from Heathrow Terminal 5 into central London and across the suburbs of south-west London. Work had been forecast to begin in 2011, with rail services operating by 2015. However in April 2011 BAA announced that it was abandoning the project due to lack of money. In October 2011 Wandsworth Council announced a revised plan called Airtrack-Lite.

Between Colnbrook and Staines Moor the track has been lifted and the formation built over in several places. Part of the viaduct at Staines Moor is used as a footpath, and the trackbed can be walked from just north of Staines West station to a short distance beyond Yeoveney Halt, where the former formation is lost under the M25. The trackbed reappears just south
of Horton Road by junction 14 on the M25 and can be walked through the site of Poyle Halt.  North of Horton Road the bed is heavily overgrown as it passes along the east side of Poyle Industrial Estate. It is passable with difficulty during the winter but virtually impassable during the summer without a machete or something similar.

Tickets from Chris Totty. Michael Stewart and Brian Halford, route map drawn by Alan Young, Bradshaw from Nick Catford   

Other web sites: The Western Way to London by Keith Jaggers. (5.56M download)
Abandoned stations includes pictures of the Staines West branch in 2002
See a film (9mins) of the UK Railtours Concrete Cow Railtour which visited the Brentford and Colnbrook branches on 28 January 2012.

Sources:

To See other stations on the Staines West branch click on the station name:
West Drayton, Colnbrook Estate Halt, Poyle Estate Halt, Poyle Halt for Stanwell Moor, Yeoveney Halt & Staines West

Colnbrook station, looking south along the up platform in the early years of the 20th century, probably after the platform was brought into use. When Colnbrook station opened it was a terminus with a single platform. Around the turn of the 20th century a passing loop and a second platform were provided. Initially the loop was used only when a goods train was passed by a passenger train, but eventually the platform was brought into use for up trains and a brick waiting shelter was built. The station signal box originally stood at the back of the up platform, near its north end. When the platform was brought into use a new box was provided at the crossing. The new platform was approved for use by the Board of Trade on 15 June 1904


1899 1:2,500 OS map. The up platform is shown on this map but at this time it was not in use. The original signal box is seen near its north end.

1914 1:2,500 OS map showing the re-sited signal box next to the stationmaster's house on the north side of the crossing. A waiting shelter is now shown on the platform.

A southbound auto-train waits in the down platform at Colnbrook station c. late 1920s. 2397 was one of 260 0-6-0 locos, designed by William Dean and built for the GWR at Swindon works between 1883 and 1899. Of the 260, only 54 locos passed to BR in 1948, the last being withdrawn in May 1957. A number of this class were requisitioned for the first and second World Wars, and they saw service as far away as China and Russia.
Copyright photo from John Alsop collection

A GWR AEC-type diesel railcar stands in the down platform at Colnbrook station in the 1950s. Note the single-line apparatus on the right.
Photo from John Mann collection

A GWR AEC-type diesel railcar stands in the down platform at Colnbrook station c.1957. These railcars were introduced in January 1954 and survived until 1958 when the service was operated
by single-car DMUs.

A southbound passenger service at Colnbrook passes a northbound goods train in May 1959.
Photo from Jim Lake collection

In June 1964, with just 13 months service left, 4697 is seen hauling a branch freight through Colnbrook, denoted by the headcode of one lamp over the buffer. This loco is an ex-GWR, 57XX pannier tank, the usual class for freight traffic on the branch. This Collet-designed, Swindon built loco, entered service in February 1945 and was in service until withdrawal from 83C, Westbury shed in July 1965.

L.C.G.B./Railway Enthusiasts Club ' Thames Valley Railtour' leaving Colnbrook station on 25 July 1965, four months after the branch closed to passengers. The station was still open for goods traffic at this time. The railtour was hauled by 9773 which was withdrawn from service at the end of
December that year.
P
hoto by Chris Totty

Looking south towards Colnbrook station in the 1960s. The extensive goods yard is seen on the left. The closest siding to the down line serves a dock with a 3-ton crane standing on it. To its left is a large brick goods shed with further sidings to the left including the private Swan siding that was added in 1936. To the right, behind the up platform, another private siding served civil engineers Edmund Nuttall (the main contractor for the recent guided busway at Cambridge and that at Luton
currently under construction).
Photo by Keith Jaggers from Jaggers Family History web site

Looking north at Colnbrook station from the footpath to the up platform in November 1965, eight months after closure. The building on the right dates from 1947, when Colnbrook became a sub-railhead of Slough and more office accommodation was required.
Photo by J E Connor

Colnbrook station looking south in August 1968. The north end of the up platform has been removed, with a new siding added to serve Pike Brothers (later GKN Steel Stockholders, now the Colnbrook Cargo Centre) who occupied a large new warehouse built on the site of the goods yard. At this time the station building was still used as accommodation for railway staff.
Photo by Nick Catford

Colnbrook station looking south in June 1977. The up platform has now been demolished. The station building and signal box survived until January 1979 when the last remnants of the station were demolished.
P
hoto by Alan Young


Looking north from the level crossing towards the site of Colnbrook station in February 2012; the surviving stationmaster's house is seen on the left. The large building in the background is the UCH Colnbrook Cargo Centre (formerly rail-served GKN Steel Stockholders). The main station building was immediately in front of this structure. This is now the railhead with regular freight traffic serving the Total fuel depot seen in the background.
P
hoto by Nick Catford

CLICK HERE FOR MORE PICTURES OF COLNBROOK STATION


 

 

 

[Source: Nick Catford]




Last updated: Monday, 05-Mar-2012 06:25:39 GMT
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