Station Name: CROXLEY GREEN

[Source: Nick Catford]
Date opened: 15.6.1912
Location: On the south side of roundabout on Watford Road
Company on opening: London & North Western Railway
Date closed to passengers: 22.3.1996 (service temporarily suspended)
Date closed completely: 29.9.2003
Company on closing: Silverlink Trains
Present state: The track, including the conductor rail is still in place and very overgrown. The temporary platform has been demolished but some concrete pillars that supported the original platform are still in place. Tall electric lamps that stood behind the temporary platform are still there. At street level the Network South East station sign and the information board are still in place. The open stairway built c.1990 is still there but overgrown.
County: Hertfordshire
OS Grid Ref: TQ088958
Date of visit: April 1998 & 16.2.2013

Notes: As built, the station had a single timber platform on a high embankment on the up side of the line; this allowed the line to cross the Grand Untion Canal which was immediately east of the station.  The platform building which overhung the embankment was also timber.  There was a wide canopy over the platform which was very similar to that at Rickmansworth Church Street. There was a street level single-storey booking office of brick construction with stone quoins and six-light mullioned windows. Viewed from the street the left-hand end of the building had a ridged slate roof ending in a decorated brick raised gable above the entrance; a small slanting porch, supported by carved wooden brackets sheltered the entrance. The right-hand side of the building was under a hipped roof. A covered staircase led up to the platform.

A goods yard was opened east of the station on 1 October 1912.  Initially this comprised two sidings but no buildings other than a weigh office.  By 1939 the yard had been extended and enlarged with new buildings at the west end.  The southern siding was also extended, and a link to the northern siding was added to form a loop; by 1960 this link had been removed.
The yard closed on 14 November 1966 although a private siding remained in use after that date.  The goods yard has now been redeveloped for housing.

On 10 March 1913 the building and platform were destroyed by fire, for which militant suffragettes were blamed. The train service was soon restored with the station rebuilt in a similar style.

In the late 1950s totem signage was installed in the station, originally fitted to the gas lamps which were later replace with electric lighting. The street level booking office was demolished in the early 1970s with the entrance now directly onto the stairs.

By the late 1980s Croxley Green station was in a very dilapidated state, the buildings were boarded up and out of use and the timber platform was too dangerous to use. A temporary scaffolding platform with timber decking was provided on the opposite side of the track and the original buildings and platform were demolished in 1989. No information was displayed on the platform for potential passengers so it is scarcely surprising that patronage became minimal. The bottom section of the original covered stairway was initially retained up to the half way landing where the stairs turned to the left into the end of the platform level building. From the landing a new temporary wooden stairway was built straight up to track level. Some time after May 1990 a new stairway was built to the left of the original stairs which were demolished. Some time between 2005 - 2009 the temporary platform was demolished..

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CROXLEY GREEN BRANCH
Prior to the planning and construction of the Croxley Green branch, in July 1860 Lord Ebury obtained powers to construct a 4½-mile single-track line between Watford and Rickmansworth which opened in October 1862. The Rickmansworth terminus was located opposite the church to the south of the town where interchange sidings were provided with the nearby Grand Junction Canal (Grand Union Canal from 1928). The line ran from the LNWR at Watford Junction with one intermediate station at Watford High Street.

Despite hopes that the railway would bring further economic development to Rickmansworth and would serve the small factories and warehouses which had developed along the Grand Junction Canal, it was Watford which actually grew at a faster pace and drew business from Rickmansworth. The construction of the railway was dogged with financial problems, and a
further Act of Parliament had to be passed in 1863 to authorise the issue of further shares to the value of £30,000 (£40,000 worth of shares had already been issued). The line was worked from the outset by the London & North Western Railway (LNWR) who paid the WRR 50% of the gross earnings of the line..

The railway was never particularly financially successful and the Official Receiver was called in only four years after opening. Attempts had been made to remedy their financial problems by opening several freight branches, the most notable being to the Croxley printers and to the Grand Junction Canal at Croxley Green. The company was eventually absorbed in 1881 by the burgeoning LNWR whose station it shared at Watford Junction.

Anxious of the growing influence of the Metropolitan Railway in north-west London, the LNWR added a short branch line to Croxley Green under the New Lines Act. Works commenced in 1908 and the new route opened on 15 June 1912. The semi-rural location of the Croxley Green terminus gave added credence to the LNWR's slogan ‘Live in the Country’. The extension involved the construction of a substantial bridge over the Grand Junction Canal.

The short 1¼-mile Croxley Green branch left the Rickmansworth line at Croxley Green Junction which was substantially rebuilt as a double-track formation as part of the LNWR’s ambitious London suburban electrification scheme. There was one intermediate station at Watford West.

It was always intended that the branch would be electrified as part of the North Western Electrics scheme, but the service opened with steam trains, often a rail-motor.  The construction of the new lines in the Watford area was completed in 1913 and included a  triangular junction with a spur enabling trains from Croxley Green to run south to Bushey and on to London. The western end of the curve retained the name Croxley Green Junction and included the junction between the Rickmansworth branch; the eastern end as Colne Junction. Adjacent to Croxley Green Junction a substantial new depot, known as Croxley Green sheds, was built to house the new electric trains. The opening of a two-track goods yard at Croxley Green enabled freight to be handled on the branch from 1 October 1912.

Electric trains of Oerlikon saloon stock replaced steam on the Croxley Green branch on 30 October 1922. This marked the final stage of the LNWR’s London suburban electrification, just two months before the LNWR became part of the London Midland and Scottish (LMS) Railway on 1 January 1923.  The new two or three-car sets operated 25 weekday shuttle
services between Watford ]unction and Croxley Green. These were augmented by through peak hour services to London termini via the Croxley Green Curve: three up and two down trains served Broad Street while two up and four down provided the Euston service. This pattern changed frequently during subsequent years.  Between 1925 and 1929 some additional through services ran between Croxley Green and Broad Street to serve the British Empire Exhibition (1925) and subsequent attractions at Wembley. In 1925 the Watford to Croxley Green local service, which had been weekdays only, was extended to cover Sundays.

During the 1930s London tube stock was used on the Croxley Green branch.  Joint LNWR/London Electric Railway (Underground Group) tube stock had been running on the Watford Junction to Elephant & Castle (Bakerloo line) service from 29 March 1920. They were found to be slow in traffic and were eventually replaced with standard underground stock. Nine of the 72 joint cars were transferred to the Croxley Green and Rickmansworth branches.  For most of the 1930s the service on the Croxley Green branch was provided by tube stock although until 1938 normal (full size) stock was used on Saturdays to cope with heavier traffic needs, including shopping and Watford Football Club’s home matches.

Towards the end of the decade 44 shuttle services were being provided on the branch, with four up and two down through trains serving Broad Street and three up and five down serving Euston. This service frequency remained until the outbreak of war in September 1939 when the passenger service was reduced and the tube stock was withdrawn.  Most through trains to London were also withdrawn with some peak hour morning services continuing to run until early 1941 when just one through morning train remained.

The frequent pre-war service was never restored after the war, with much of the line’s traffic lost to buses and the Metropolitan line which provided a much faster service into London. In June 1947 the Monday - Friday service was cut back to rush hours only, although one through service to Broad Street was reinstated with one up (towards London) service in the
morning and a down train in the evening.

At nationalisation in January 1948, the Croxley Green branch became part of BR’s London Midland Region.  Initially the service saw little change although BR put on a second up through service to Broad Street. Two years later, however, the branch lost its late evening service. 

By 1953 the passenger service on the branch had been reduced to 32 Saturday and 22 weekday trains.  In 1957 the ageing Oerlikon saloon stock was withdrawn, the last survivors of which had operated the Croxley Green shuttle. They were replaced with class 501 slam-door compartment EMUs.  These did nothing to halt the decline; the Sunday service between Watford Junction and Croxley Green ran for the last time on 10 May 1959 and there were now 21 shuttle journeys between Watford Junction and Croxley Green in the Monday - Friday peak, and on Saturdays these were supplemented by one up peak hour trains and one down serving Broad Street and one up train to Euston. Through Saturday trains to London were withdrawn in September 1961. At the timetable change of 7 September 1963 the Croxley Green curve was illegally closed by BR. Prior to this there were two up Broad Street and one Euston trains on weekday mornings (including Saturdays) and one down Broad Street service on Mondays to Fridays; these were all withdrawn at that time. However from 18 November, on Mondays to Fridays, one up Broad Street train in the morning, and one down train from there in the evening were reinstated.

Identified in the Reshaping of British Railways (‘Beeching’) report for closure in 1963, the formal proposal was published on 20 February 1964. On 20 April 1966 Barbara Castle, who was Minister for Transport at the time, refused consent to the closure between Watford Junction and Croxley Green. However she approved the withdrawal of trains between Croxley Green and Bushey & Oxhey, which took effect on 6 June 1966 when the single train each way to and from Broad Street (through Bushey & Oxhey) was withdrawn. In that year the service was further reduced to 14 down and 12 up trains on the shuttle service. Weekday shuttle services were maintained throughout the 1970s, although the Saturday service was withdrawn. In the early 1970s the whole system had been converted from fourth to third rail, apart from those sections shared with London Transport.

A surprise development in 1982 was the opening of a new station between Watford High Street and Watford West, only a few hundred yards short of the latter. Funded by the Football Trust, Watford Football Club and Watford Borough Council in an effort to ease road congestion on match days Watford Stadium station was opened on 4 December of that year by Elton John
in conjunction with Lord Aberdare. On match days a six car EMU provided a shuttle service to and from Watford Junction. Unfortunately, the success of the club at that time was short-lived and so was the shuttle service.  This was one of a number of developments in the 1980s to this suburban system, none of which really succeeded in countering the impression that the Croxley Green branch was being run down.

In 1986 the line found itself marketed as part of Network SouthEast following the introduction of class 313 saloon stock although on a number of occasions during 1987 and early 1988 a DMU worked the service, possibly due to a shortage of class 313 units. In 1988 an attempt was made to revive the fortunes of the Croxley Green branch by running a twice-hourly daytime service. This optimism was, however, to be short lived. From 22 January 1990 the service was reduced to Monday to Friday peak hours and the 1993 timetable shows just one return morning journey with no evening service.

In 1996 Hertfordshire County Council was allowed to break through the embankment short of Croxley Green station to build a new dual carriageway called Ascot Road; this project severed the line just east of the bridge over the River Gade/Grand Union Canal. A temporary bus service was introduced on 24 March 1996 with the intention of reinstating the rail service after the work was completed; this was expected to be about nine months.

In about 1989 London Transport floated the idea of diverting the Metropolitan line away from its remote west Watford terminus and, by means of less than a mile of new alignment, linking up with the Croxley Green branch to gain access to Watford Junction: this eventually became known as the 'Croxley Rail Link'.

In March 2001 the Strategic Rail Authority, in collaboration with Railtrack and Silverlink Trains Ltd, published a proposal to officially withdraw the service between Watford ]unction and Croxley Green in June that year and to close the line between High Street Junction and the terminus, as well as the stations at Watford West and Croxley Green. The public notice
recognised that since March 24 1996 ‘the scheduled passenger service has been provided by means of a substitute bus service’ and mentioned that ‘there is a prospective project .... to link the Metropolitan Underground Line to Watford Junction.’ The announcement concluded: ‘The closure of the Croxley Green branch would enable its use for that project.’  A closure date of 18 June 2001 was proposed but this could not be met as the SRA received 34 objections.  Despite these, the Department of Transport approved closure in a letter dated 6 November 2002 which also stipulated that track and formation must remain intact for five years.  No closure date was specified and Silverlink Trains continued to run a replacement bus service.

In November 2002 it was reported that the branch had been deleted from the Network. From 29 September 2003 the replacement bus service (in practice, a taxi on demand) was withdrawn at the start of the autumn timetable – 71/2 years after the last regular train. In September 2005 all points, signals and associated equipment, including the trailing connection at Watford High Street, were recovered from the branch.  All the track and remaining bridges remained intact.

The Croxley Rail Link in its current form involves the ending of passenger services between Croxley and Watford Underground Station. As this constitutes a proposal to close a route to passenger services, and to close a station, a formal closure process involving London TravelWatch is required. The London TravelWatch Board have set up the Watford Station Closure Panel. The panel held a public meeting in Watford on 14 June 2012. Construction work is expected to start in June 2014 and be finished by January 2016.

When the Croxley Rail Link is built, direct services into Watford Junction from Amersham would also be possible, thus linking the commercial centre of Watford to the new developments in Aylesbury, as well as providing the Chilterns with transport connections, via the Junction, to the North and other destinations.

The Croxley Rail Link will require the construction of the 'missing link' between the existing Metropolitan line and the Croxley Green branch. Under approved plans, the link would begin at a new junction near Baldwins Lane, about a kilometre north-east of Croxley (Metropolitan line) station, and be carried via a new viaduct and bridge over the Watford Road dual carriageway and the Grand Union Canal. This would then join onto the former Croxley Green branch where new double track would be laid on the disused trackbed up to Watford High Street station.

The submitted proposals also detail the addition of two intermediate stations to the line - both new constructions. The existing, but closed, Croxley Green station would be replaced with a new Ascot Road station close by. A second new station would be opened on Vicarage Road, to be called Watford Hospital; this would also serve the football stadium. 
This station will replace both Watford Stadium and Watford West. Both of these new stations would be provided with full Underground facilities with the exception of a staffed ticket office; ticket machines would be available instead.

A further proposal is to use an existing but seldom-used chord towards Amersham via Rickmansworth which would allow direct services to and from central Watford, thus improving local public transport in Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. Under this proposal, Amersham trains would run along an existing viaduct which connects Rickmansworth to the Watford branch of the Metropolitan Line south of Croxley; from there, services would continue along the proposed new viaduct to the Croxley Green branch Line and on to Watford Junction.

For more pictures of Croxley Green and the Watford - Croxley Green branch line see the Abandoned Tube Stations web site.

Click here to see a short film of Croxley Green station by Simon Smiler.

Tickets from Michael Stewart and Brian Halford. Route map drawn by Alan Young. Bradshaw from Nick Catford, Temporary replacement bus timetable Chris Totty. Totem from Richard Furness.

Further reading: West of Watford Goudie F W & Stuckley Douglas - Forge Books 1990

Sources:

  • The London Railway Record No. 28 July 2001
  • Wikipedia - Various pages (some text copied under creative commons licence
  • The Rail Chronology web site. There has been much debate about the closure date of the branch. This web site clarifies the closure process.

To see other Stations on the Croxley Green branch click on the station name: Watford Stadium, Watford West & Watford High Street

See also Rickmansworth Church Street
See also Croxley Green triangular junction and depot


The platform and track-level buildings at Croxley Green station were destroyed by fire in March 1913 leaving only the street level booking office and the covered stairway. The station was quickly rebuilt and the service reinstated. The fire was blamed on militant suffragettes.
P
hoto from John Mann collection

This map shows how close the Croxley Green terminus is to the Metropolitan line. The two lines will be joined when the Croxley Rail Link is built.

1914 1:2,500 OS map shows Croxley Green station and goods yard as built. The only building in the goods yard is a weigh office at the entrance to the yard in Rickmansworth Road (now Watford Road).

1939 1:2,500 OS map shows the goods yard has been extended on two sides with a new building (unknown purpose), an extension to the southern siding and a loop. There has been some residential development to the west of the station.

1960 1:2,500 OS map shows the buildings at the west end of the goods yard have been replaced and the southern siding slightly shortened with removal of the loop.

Croxley Green station forecourt c1915. A horse-drawn LNWR parcels van stands in front of the station. The street level building was a mirror image of that at Watford West.
Copyright photo from John Alsop collection

An Oerlikon EMU forms the shuttle service waiting to depart for Watford Junction in August 1956. These units were withdrawn the following year and replaced with class 501 slam-door compartment EMUs; these were never as comfortable as the earlier units. Note the LMS 'hawkseye' sign
on the far right.
Copyright photo from Tony Harden collection

A rare view of a compartment stock EMU train at Croxley Green station c. early 1960s. The compartment stock had an unmistakably higher roof compred with Oerlikon stock.
P
hoto from John Mann collection

A goods train stands on the loop line opposite Croxley Green platform in May 1963. The loop was not often required for 'running round' after the introduction of EMUs in 1922. The loop line also gave access to the goods yard to the west of the station - note the loading gauge. 42583 is seen carrying a class K, pick-up freight headcode and a 1A, Willesden shed plate where it was allocated between May 1963 and June 1965. This Stanier Class 4 tank was built by the North British Locomotive Co. and entered service on 8 October 1936. With a service life of just over 30 years, it was withdrawn from Trafford Park shed on 29 October 1966 and scrapped by Cashmores of Great Bridge during February 1967.
P
hoto by David Pearson

Croxley Green station looking east in 1964; a class 501 shuttle service has just arrived from Watford Junction. The door on the left is the waiting room.
Photo from Ivan Stewart collection from his Flickr Photostream

A class 501 slam-door compartment EMU approaches Croxley Green station in 1967. The headcode B9 indicates a passenger service to Croxley Green from any destination. If it was a shuttle service the return to Watford would also carry the B9 headcode. A return to Euston would carry a B1 headcode
and to Broad Street a B2 headcode. The chimneys of Sun Printers Ltd, are seen in the background.
P
hoto from Ivan Stewart collection from his Flickr Photostream

Croxley Green booking office and covered stairway in the late 1960s.
P
hoto by Mike Matthews

A class 501 shuttle service to Watford Junction waits to depart from Croxley Green station in July 1985.
P
hoto by Jonathan Hazen from his Flickr photostream

From 1986 the Croxley Green service was provided by class 313 EMU, but in February 1987 a BRCW class 104 DMU waits to depart for Watford Junction.
P
hoto by David Warby from his Flickr photostream

In the late 1980s the platform and buildings were in a dangerous condition and a temporary platform was provided on the opposite side of the track. In January 1989 demolition of the original platform and building is underway. Beyond the buffer stop new housing has been built on the site of the goods yard.
P
hoto by David Pearson

By March 1989 demolition of the original platform and buildings was complete leaving just the bare temporary scaffold platform with new lights but no signs. A shuttle service from Watford Junction is seen approaching the platform.
Photo by David Pearson

By May 1990 some improvements have been made with new fencing at the back of the platform and new Network SouthEast signs. All that remains of the original station are the concrete pillars that supported the timber platform and the covered stairs from the now demolished street-level booking office. The covering would soon be removed as well, leaving a very bleak station high on the embankment. A class 313 EMU is awaiting departure for Watford Junction.
Photo by David Pearson

Croxley Green station looking west in May 1998, two years after the service was suspended.
P
hoto by Nick Catford

By 2004 it was clear to most people that the station would never reopen. On 6 November 2002 the Strategic Rail Authority stipulated that track and formation must remain intact for five years in case it was required for the Croxley Rail Link.
Photo by Dave Dew

Looking west at the site of Croxley Green station in February 2013. The temporary platform was removed at some time between 2005 - 2009. One of the red lamp posts that stood behind the platform can be seen on the left. The temporary platform was much shorter than the original platform which was supported on concrete pillars; one of these is seen on the right.
Photo by Nick Catford

Click here for more photos of Croxley Green station


 

 

 

[Source: Nick Catford]


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