Station Name: KEMP TOWN

 

[Source: Nick Catford]


Date opened: 2.8.1869
Location: On the north side of Coalbrook Road (road now gone)
Company on opening: London Brighton & South Coast Railway
Date closed to passengers: 2.1.1933
Date closed completely: 26.6.1971
Company on closing: Southern Railway
Present state: Demolished - nothing remains
County: Sussex
OS Grid Ref: TQ323041
Date of visit: May 1968, August 1975, September 1979, August 1982 & June 1996

Notes: The Kemp Town branch line opened on 2nd August 1869 and although only just over a mile in length it was a costly line to construct as, for most of its length, it ran through a tunnel or on a viaduct or embankment. The construction could never be financially justified but rivalries between the London Brighton & South Coast Railway who built the line and the London & Chatham & Dover Railway who wanted to build their own line into Kemp Town ensured that the fashionable suburb of Brighton got its own terminus.

The line took five years to build, diverging from the Brighton - Lewes line just east of Ditchling Road Tunnel. The branch curved southwards on an embankment to Lewes Road Station which consisted of an island platform and a second platform with the main buildings; the station was
accessed by a covered flight of steps from Lewes Road. Beyond the station the line was carried on a fourteen arch viaduct over Lewes Road followed by a three arch viaduct over Hartington Road to the short lived Hartington Road Halt. From there the line entered a short cutting before entering the 1024 yard Kemp Town Tunnel through Race Hill. Kemp Town Station itself had a single platform with room for expansion which never happened and an extensive goods yard.

Despite its high cost the line never carried many passengers. Lewis Road Station was opened on 1st September 1873 and Hartington Road Halt was added on 1st January 1906. Passenger numbers failed to improve however and the new halt closed five years later. The branch closed completely during WW1 but was reopened to passengers on 19th August 1919 and to goods three years later.

With strong competition from trams and busses the branches days were numbered and the inevitable came on 1st January 1933 when the line finally lost its passenger service for good. Freight traffic continued however and although the extensive goods depot which opened in 1970 never took the expected traffic away from Brighton it remained relatively busy for many years, finally closing on 26th June 1971.

After closure the track was quickly lifted and the line was bought by Brighton Corporation. Kemp Town Station was demolished and the site is now occupied by the Freshfield Industrial; for a time the tunnel was used as a mushroom far and it is now used to store vehicles. Only the southern portal remains accessible within the fenced grounds of one of the industrial units. The northern portal has been demolished and the area landscaped at the back of a school playground. The short viaduct over Hartington Road was demolished in 1973 and the longer viaduct crossing Lewes Road and Melbourne Street was pulled down in 1976 with the last western section being cleared in 1983.

Sources: Sussex Railways Remembered by Leslie Oppitz
Countryside Books 1987 ISBN 0 905392 99 X
South Coast Railways - Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith
Middleton Press 1985 ISBN 0 906520 16 9

Web Sites: My Brighton & Hove Includes history, photographs and reminiscences of the Kemp Town branch line.

To see the other stations on the Kemp Town branch line click on the station name: Hartington Road Halt & Lewes Road see also Lewes Road Viaduct


Kemp Town Station in May 1968
P
hoto by Nick Catford



Kemp Town Station during the Sussex Coast RCTS rail tour on 7.10.1962.
Photo by John Smith

The final special in 1971 with 3R Tadpole unit 1205 ready to leave for the last time
Photo by Richard Clark

The site of Kemp Town Station in August 1975
P
hoto by Nick Catford


Click here for more pictures of Kemp Town Station


 

 

 

[Source: Nick Catford]


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