Station Name: COULSDON NORTH

[Source: Nick Catford]
Date opened: 5.9.1899
Location: On the east side of Station Approach
Company on opening: London Brighton & South Coast Railway
Date closed to passengers: 4.9.1983
Date closed completely: 4.9.1983
Company on closing: British Rail (Southern Region)
Present state: Demolished - the site is now an industrial estate but the footbridge is still in use although in poor condition.
County: Surrey
OS Grid Ref: TQ301596
Date of visits: 27.8.1983, 30.9.1983, 11.10.1983, 11.1983, 1.1984, 7.1984, 1.1985, 4.1986
Notes: The station was opened as 'Stoats Nest and Cane Hill' on 5 November 1899 by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR). It took its name partly from the nearby Cane Hill asylum and partly from the nearby Stoats Nest village. There had been a previous Stoats Nest station in the area which was opened by the London, Brighton & South Coast
Railway in 1841, but this had closed in 1856. The station kept its name until 1911 when, following a serious accident, it became known as 'Coulsdon and Smitham Downs'.

Coulsdon North station was built by the LBSCR and opened simultaneously with the widening to 4 tracks south of South Croydon and the opening of the Quarry Line, a 'fast track' route which enabled the LBSCR's South Coast expresses to bypass the line through Redhill. At the time of the new Stoats Nests' opening, it was the second station operating in the area,
Coulsdon South (then named 'Coulsdon') having been opened by the SER on 1 October 1889.

The LBSCR equipped the new Stoats Nest station with 4 platforms: two on the Quarry Line and two terminal platforms with through access only to sidings beyond the station. It served as a through station for services from London Victoria to Brighton, as well as a terminus for services from Victoria via Streatham Common or Crystal Palace. The station also had a six-
road carriage storage area just to its south. A two-road engine shed, initially called Stoats Nest, was opened amongst the sidings to the south of the station in 1900

Following the grouping ordered by the Railways Act 1921, the new operator, the Southern Railway, changed the name of the station to 'Coulsdon West' with effect from 9 July 1923. However, this name only lasted 22 days before being changed to 'Coulsdon North' on 1 August 1923.

The effect of the grouping - entailing the merger of the SER and LBSCR - was that Coulsdon North lost its regular services on the Brighton Main Line . Nevertheless, the Southern Railway extended the LBSCR's AC overhead electric system powered at 6700V to the station in 1925, only to announce a year later that all AC lines were to be converted to the 660V DC used by the neighbouring London and South Western Railway. This entailed the conversion of Coulsdon North to third rail in September

1929. It was one of the last to move across from the old overhead electric system. The Coulsdon North engine shed was closed in June 1929.

The situation of Coulsdon North on the so-called 'fast lane' of the Quarry Line posed pathing problems, as the route had to give priority to services heading for the South Coast. Accordingly, through services to the coast were withdrawn, and the fast platforms saw only occasional use for special trains. Furthermore, the opening of Smitham in 1904 had created 3 stations in
the same area and, by the 1960s, the decline had begun to set in. Only the terminal platforms were regularly used, for stopping trains from Victoria or London Bridge. Weekend passenger services were withdrawn in 1965, the goods yard was closed on 7 October1968, and from May 1970, passenger services only operated at peak hours on weekdays. The station finally closed in 1983 as part of the resignalling of the Brighton main line.

The last passenger train ran on the evening of Friday 30 September 1983, a special to East Croydon. The station and its sidings were officially closed as of Monday 3 October 1983. The station was demolished shortly afterwards. The station up to closure had changed very little. It consisted of a large station building, four platforms, three of which had large
canopies on them. These were all connected by a subway.

During an archaeological excavation in March 1994, the arched foundation brickwork of the station subway was found. The site of the station buildings has since been redeveloped with small industrial units. In 2006 the A23 Coulsdon Relief Road was constructed through its site. Only the station approach road, alongside which are a few sections of railway fencing,
indicate its former site.

Source: Wikipedia. Text reproduced under creative commons licence

Tickets from Michael Stewart except last day tickets which came from Brian Halford



Stoats Nest for Coulsdon and Cane Hill station around the turn of the 20th century.
Photo from John Mann collection




1935 1:2,500 OS map. The engine shed pictured below is seen in the centre of the map.


Coulsdon North engine shed looking north east in February 1928. The station is seen on the left. Note the overhead power lines. Overhead power was short lived arriving at Coulsdon North in 1925. Within a few years it had been replaced with a conductor rail electrification system. Click here for another photo of the Coulsdon North shed.
Photo by H C Casserley from Roger Griffiths collection



Coulsdon North station looking north c. early 1960s.
Photo from John Mann collection


Coulsdon North station looking south in August 1983, one month before closure
Photo by Nick Catfor
d


Coulsdon North station an hour before closure on 30 September 1983
Photo by Nick Catford


Coulsdon North Station in April 1986, shortly before the site was completely cleared.
Photo by Nick Catford

Looking south towards the site of Coulsdon North station in June 2007 six months after the Coulsdon bypass opened.
Photo by Brian Halford


The site of Coulsdon North station in 2010. An industrial estate occupies the site of the goods yard and and the Coulsdon bypass (A23) now runs through the station site.

For further pictures of Coulsdon North Station click here

[Source: Nick Catford]

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