[Source: Nick Catford]

Date opened: 1.6.1904
Location: Alongside a track running north from Fontburn Reservoir. The station had no road access.
Company on opening: North British Railway
Date closed to passengers: 15.9.1952
Date closed completely: 3.10.1956
Company on closing: British Railways (North Eastern Region)
Present state: Although the wooden platform has gone the fence posts ast the back of the platform remain including one taller post that supported a lamp. The raised walkway onto the platform also remains as does a gate across the track serving the goods bay at the rear of the platform.
County: Northumberland
OS Grid Ref: NZ051942
Date of visit: 21.3. 2006

Notes: Fontburn was situated a short distance to the north of the impressive 12 span Fontburn viaduct which carried the line 60 feet above the River Font.. Initially there was no station at Fontburn.   Its importance stemmed from the proximity of the Whitehouse lime works which predated the railway and was used during the construction of the Fontburn viaduct. The limeworks was served by two dead end sidings that branched off the main line near the passenger platform to reach the kilns and a connecting tramway ran eastwards to the Whitehouse quarries. A second tramway ran northwards to Whitehouse Colliery.

In 1884 the NBR built a siding on the east side of the line facing towards Rothbury. The station officially opened on 1st June 1904 but it seems likely that it was an unofficial stopping place from 1896 as there was no road access to Whitehouse lime works and quarry.  Contemporary ordnance survey maps show what appears to be a short platform near the quarry sidings.

Additional freight traffic came to Fontburn in c.1900 during the construction of the Fontburn reservoir and a new2 siding was added to handle construction materials.

The halt had very basic facilities consisting of a wooden platform with a small wooden waiting shelter. The halt closed on 3rd October 1921 reopening on 21st November 1921. At that date the station was renamed Ewesley Siding for goods handling only, remaining Fontburn Halt for passengers.

In 1859 the Wansbeck Railway obtained powers to build a line between Morpeth and Reedsmouth and the east section of this line between Morpeth and Scots Gap opened on 23rd July 1862. In 1863 the Northumberland Central Railway obtained an Act to build a line from the Wansbeck Railway at Scots Gap to a junction with the Berwick and Kelso line at Ford with a short branch to Cornhill, a total length of 50 miles.

By February 1864 sufficient capital has been raised to construct the southern section of the line between Scots Gap and Rothbury but there was insufficient funds for the remainder of the line and despite efforts to raise further capital the northern section of the line was abandoned by a further Act on 12th April 1867. The western end of the Wansbeck Railway had opened between Scots Gap and Knowesgate on 7th July 1864, finally reaching Reedsmouth on 1st May 1865.

Construction of the 13 mile line between Scots Gap and Rothbury started on 25th August 1869 and the branch was ceremonially opened for public traffic on 1st November 1870 with intermediate stations at Rothley (private), Ewesley and Brinkburn; from the outset the service was provided by the North British Railway in conjunction with the Morpeth – Scots Gap line

Although the branch was of some benefit to the local community it was a disappointment to the promoters failing to bring expected profits and in July 1872 the line was absorbed into the North British Railway.  The NBR made a number of improvements. Rothley Station was renamed Longwitton and opened to the public in April 1875 and the terminus at Rothbury was substantially improved. A number of sidings and branches were build to serve line side industries and collieries.

In 1881 the NBR supported a proposal to extend the branch to Wooler but this came to nothing and the Rothbury branch  settled down to a peaceful existence as a very rural branch line.

The railway eventually brought new prosperity to Rothbury with new housing and by the turn of the century the town had developed as a minor golfing and fishing resort but despite this, passenger traffic was never heavy with only three daily trains between Morpeth and Rothbury. Freight traffic was mainly agricultural with one daily freight working in each direction with additional traffic to collieries and quarries although these were all short term small scale ventures.

In 1923 the NBR was absorbed into the London & North Eastern Railway but this brought few changes to the Rothbury branch. The outbreak of WW2 brought a reduced service with only two trains per day. Rothbury was used to store ‘spare’ locomotives as it was considered to be safe from attack by the German Luftwaffe. The end of the war did’t bring a return of the pre-war service and by 1946 there were still only two trains a day increasing to four on Saturday.

In December 1947 nationalisation brought the branch under the control of British Railways but initially there were no changes.  With more passengers preferring to use the car the branch was becoming hopelessly uneconomic and although the line provided a valuable winter lifeline to the local community this did not justify maintaining the passenger service.  No attempt was made to run the line economically and it was inevitable that the passenger service was finally withdrawn from 15th September 1952 with the last train running on the 13th September.  The branch remained open for freight with occasional passenger excursions. The final steam hauled enthusiasts special visited Rothbury on 9th November 1963 and the freight service was withdrawn two days later.  The very last passenger train was a private diesel working in July 1964 carrying members of the North Eastern Region’s Chief Civil Engineering staff on their annual office outing. The track was lifted later that year.

To see the other stations on the Rothbury Branch branch line click on the station name: Scotsgap, Long Witton, Ewesley, Brinkburn & Rothbury

A southbound train leaving Fontburn Halt in February 1952.
Photo by J W Armstrong

Fontburn Halt in February 1952 looking north
Photo by C J B Sanderson

The site of Fontburn Halt in 1971. The fencing was at the back of the platform (now removed). Note the fencing slopes upwards where it followed the platform ramp.
hoto by Peter Howie

The site of Fontburn Halt from a similar viewpoint to the picture above in March 2006. The raised walkway onto the platform can be seen on the left. The level of the ground appears to have been raised.
hoto by Nick Catford

1925 map showing the short spur to the limeworks and the tramway to Whitehouse Quarry

Click on thumbnail to enlarge




[Source: Nick Catford]

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