Station Name: BENTON SQUARE

[Source: Alan Young]

Date opened: 1.7.1909
Location:

Immediately north-east of Great Lime Road bridge. On the opposite side of the road from Palmersville Metro station

Company on opening: North Eastern Railway
Date closed to passengers: 20.9.1915
Date closed completely: 20.9.1915
Company on closing:

North Eastern Railway

Present state: Demolished
County: Northumberland
OS Grid Ref: NZ295701
Date of visit:

July 1962, December 2007 & 5.8.2010

Note: This late addition to the Coast Circle stations served Benton Square Colliery and the miners’ cottages. Its two long, wooden platforms were devoid of buildings, and photographic evidence suggests that they were lit by oil despite serving an electrified railway. At road level on Great Lime Road overbridge was a small booking shed where a sloping path led downhill to the up platform. It was one of the many stations that closed during World War I as an economy measure when numerous railwaymen answered the ‘call to arms’; it did not reopen. By the 1960s the station had completely disappeared

BRIEF HISTORY OF BLYTH & TYNE RAILWAY (Newcastle [New Bridge Street] – Jesmond – Benton – Backworth)
The southern end of the Blyth & Tyne Railway has a complicated history. Until 1861 there was a single route from Blyth and Seghill onward through Prospect Hill to Percy Main, with a terminus adjacent to the NER station. However in that year a new branch was opened, following the route of the former Whitley Waggonway, extending from Hartley to Tynemouth. It should be noted that this included the stretch to what is now Monkseaton, which was to be known as the ‘Avenue Branch’, and that the line beyond to Tynemouth was half a mile inland of the present day Monkseaton – Tynemouth Metro line.


At the Tynemouth end the original terminus was quickly replaced with a new one on a short branch which curved south eastwards, and that in turn closed when its branch was extended to a third terminus, which adjoined the 1847 Tynemouth terminus of what had been the Newcastle & North Shields Railway.

In 1864 the Blyth & Tyne reached Newcastle, with a terminus at New Bridge Street. This was achieved by diverting trains onto a new line just south of Holywell, then through Backworth, Benton, and Jesmond. At Backworth a new line was opened to join the 1861 Whitley (Monkseaton) to Tynemouth route. Trains could now travel on the B&T from Newcastle (New Bridge Street) to Tynemouth, making the Holywell – Prospect Hill – Percy Main route, and the ‘Avenue Branch’ between Hartley and Whitley (Monkseaton) redundant. These two lines closed in June 1864 on the day when the Newcastle – Tynemouth service was inaugurated.

In 1874 the B&T was absorbed by the NER, and the opportunity was taken to reorganise the railway routes in the Monkseaton / Whitley / Tynemouth area. With the growth of housing and holidaymaking on the coast the ‘inland’ route from Monkseaton to North Shields was superseded in 1882 by one within sight of the sea, and the two formerly competing termini at Tynemouth were replaced with a splendid new through station. This created the coastal section of the familiar Coast Circle and Metro route, although there were to be realignments at Whitley Bay in 1910 and Monkseaton in 1915 where new, larger stations were built.

In response to the growth and electrification of street tram networks on North Tyneside the Coast Circle route via both Wallsend and Carville was electrified in 1904 on the third rail system, and the irregular and infrequent steam service was replaced with a frequent interval service. For almost six decades the basic pattern was three trains per hour in each direction, with extras in the rush hour.

In 1963 the Reshaping of British Railways (‘Beeching’) report made no reference to the main Coast Circle line, but the Riverside Branch, via Carville, was recommended for closure (which was eventually implemented in 1973). However on a visit to Tyneside shortly after the report’s publication Beeching made it clear that the Coast Circle line was a likely candidate for closure. In the mid 1960s the ageing electric multiple units, dating from 1937, were being allowed a few more minutes to complete their journeys, and the decision was made to replace them with diesel multiple units cascaded from other areas rather than with newer electric stock. In June 1967, shortly after the line became part of British Rail’s Eastern Region – the North Eastern having been abolished - the last EMUs ran, and the third rails were removed.

The service of three stopping trains per hour in each direction was replaced with a half-hourly service, plus one ‘express’ serving only the coastal stations, Wallsend and Manors; it is no surprise that custom was lost at the stations whose service was cut. However in October 1970 the tide turned, and the Eastern Region launched the vigorous Tynerider campaign to revitalise the line (including the Riverside branch) and the South Shields branch. Although the Riverside continued to have a sparse service at rush hours only, the Coast Circle’s 20-minutely service returned, with the new feature of trains in the early hours to bring revellers home from Newcastle city centre. Passenger numbers increased dramatically, and strengthened the case for further investment. The idea of incorporating the local railways into a rapid transit system was examined, and in 1973 Royal Assent was obtained to use the Coast Circle as the basis of such a network, which was to become the Tyne & Wear Metro.


Although closed in 1915 Benton Square is still shown in the July 1922 Bradhawwith no trains stopping.

The engineering work to bring about this transformation was ambitious, involving the driving of tunnels under central Newcastle and Gateshead and constructing a sixth bridge over the Tyne between these centres, so that the Metro could be separated from the ‘main line’ system. For some time between January 1978 and November 1982 all of the stations on the Coast Circle (except Tynemouth) were closed for conversion work to be done: this included West Jesmond, South Gosforth, Longbenton, Benton, and West Monkseaton on the former B&T Newcastle route, thus their inclusion in the list of Disused Stations. Backworth closed in 1977 and Manors North in 1978 and were not to reopen on the new Metro line (although Manors underground station replaced Manors North, and Northumberland Park was opened in 2005 immediately south-west of the site of Backworth).

Almost all of the Newcastle – Backworth route remains as part of the Metro system. Only at the southern end has there been any significant change. A short distance north of the original Jesmond station the Metro route of 1980 curves to the south-west to enter the tunnel beneath central Newcastle and the new Jesmond station.

Click here for a list of sources and a Blyth & Tyne bibliography

Bradshaws from Chris Totty. Route map drawn by Alan Young.

To see other stations on the Blyth & Tyne Railway Newcastle - Backworth line click on the station name: Newcastle New Bridge Street, Manors North, Jesmond, West Jesmond*, Moor Edge, South Gosforth*, Longbenton*, Benton (1st site)*, Benton (2nd site)*, Forest Hall and Backworth (2nd site).

* Station reopened as part of the Tyne & Wear metro. Three other Metro stations on this line are new sites and are not included. These are Palmersville, Northumberland Park and Ilford Road.


Benton Square station had a very short life, opening in July 1909 and closing as a wartime economy measure in September 1915, never to reopen. This view from 1910 is looking south-west towards Great Lime Road bridge. No passenger comforts can be seen on the long timber platforms, only the essential nameboard and oil lantern casements - an interesting anachronism on a newly electrified route! The ticket hut can be seen in the distance to the left of the bridge. In the far left the winding-gear of Prosperous Pit is visible.
Photo from J C Dean collection


1919 1:2,500 OS Map. The short-lived Benton Square was a casualty of World War I economies and closed in 1915, four years before the publication of this map. The only building clearly shown on map, at the bend on the footpath to the north-east platform, contradicts the photographic evidence which shows the booking office on the opposite side of the track,


Looking north-east from Great Lime Road bridge in July 1987 across the site of Benton Square station. The station closed in 1915 and was of timber construction, and all evidence of its existence had disappeared by the 1950s.
Photo by John Mann

The site of Benton Square station looking north-east from Great Lime Road bridge in August 2010. The single track (left) is the freight line from the Ashington area which crosses beneath the Coast Circle route before joining the East Coast main line southbound at Benton Quarry. The other two tracks are for Metro trains. Palmersville Metro station, opened in 1986, is behind the camera on the opposite side of Great Lime Road. Even before Metro construction and track realignments there was no trace
of Benton Square station
P
hoto by Ali Ford

The site of Benton Square station looking north-east from Great Lime Road bridge in August 2010.
Photo by Ali Ford




 

 

 

[Source: Alan Young]




Last updated: Sunday, 04-Jun-2017 08:40:02 BST
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