Station Name: LUDGATE HILL
|Location:||East side of New Bridge Street|
|Company on opening:||London Chatham & Dover Railway|
|Date closed to passengers:||3.3.1929|
|Date closed completely:||3.3.1929|
|Company on closing:||Southern Railway|
|OS Grid Ref:||TQ317811|
|Date of visit:||October 1967, April 1981, May 1985 & December 1990|
Notes: A temporary station with two narrow island platforms
opened on 21st December 1864, this was replaced by a new, prmanent
station in a slightly different site on 1.6.1865; the new station
had a single, broad island platform and an overall room which
was later removed. The track level building was demolished in
the early 1960's and the platform was removed in 1974. The station
frontage survived, albeit hidden by other buildings, until 1990
when it was demolished during the construction of the St. Pauls
The line from Horne Hill to the Elephant and Castle was opened on 6 October 1862 and on to Blackfriars Bridge on 1 June 1864. Intermediate stations were initially provided at Camberwell, Walworth Road and Borough Road and later at Loughborough Junction.
The Thames was eventually bridged and by 21 December 1864 a temporary station at Ludgate Hill was in use, a permanent station being opened on 1st June 1865. It had two narrow island platforms but the station was rebuilt in 1910 with a single broader island platform.
On 1st January 1866, L C D R passenger trains began running into the Metropolitan's Farringdon Street station and the connection was soon carrying a wide variety of passenger and freight services. Then, by an Act of 13 July 1871, the Chatham became committed to yet another project.
Finally, on 10th May 1886 a parallel bridge across the Thames was opened with, at the northern end, yet another new station, St Paul's, the original Blackfriars Bridge being closed. St Paul's was renamed Blackfriars on 1st February 1937. The existing layout was completed when the South Eastern Railway opened the Union Street spur on 1st June 1878 creating a through route into Charing Cross.
The difficulties of inter-terminal transfer through the congested streets of mid-Victorian London assured considerable transfer traffic. All L C D R mainline trains, including continental ones, carried a City portion attached or detached at Herne Hill. Eventually however the development of the underground network led to the withdrawal of the through services and the demise in the importance of Holborn and Blackfriars with a dramatic reduction in off peak services. Holborn retained very heavy parcels traffic, including continental and three of its six platforms, too short for electric trains were utilised.
Less than 700 yards separated Holborn Viaduct from Blackfriars. Ludgate Hill thus became increasingly redundant, especially after the through trains stopped. The intensive Ludgate Hill - Victoria services were withdrawn during the First World War. The Wimbledon trains were the last to call and with their electrification it was closed on 3 March 1929.
In 1902, 19.2 million passengers used Holborn, Ludgate and St Paul's. Use declined with the loss of the cross London traffic until electrification. The growth of L.C.C. estates in S E London and Kent increased traffic but this was not maintained and in 1960 they were back to the 1902 level with 88% of the traffic arriving or departing during the rush hour. The 'City Line' was still a vital north-south freight link with some 90 trains a day in 1962, but all regular freight and parcels services were withdrawn in 1969. Although disused for many years the Snow Hill tunnel was finally abandoned in 1971 and the track was lifted.
The northern part of the Thameslink network replaced the 'Bedpan' service from Bedford to St Pancras and uses the existing Midland Main Line. In the south there are two branches. The main route runs through London Bridge to East Croydon and Brighton while the second branch initially ran into Guildford via West Croydon but has now been rerouted through Mitcham to terminate at Sutton.
has become a significant commuter route serving the airports
at Gatwick and Luton and carries around 40 million passenger
journeys on the system annually.
regional history of the railways of Great Britain - Volume
3 Greater London by H P White. David & Charles 1963 &
1971 ISBN 0 7153 5337 3. Tickets from Michael Stewart
Other web sites: Abandoned
Tube Stations - includes a cab ride from Farringdon - Blackfriars
Ludgate Hill Station in 1959
Copyright photo from John Alsop collection
Click here for more pictures of Ludgate Hill Station
|Last updated: Tuesday, 20-Apr-2010 16:12:04 BST||
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